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Saturday, September 24, 2022


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Peace process in Mali : after a sanctions regime, an independent observer in place

While the UN Security Council has just passed a resolution for the establishment of a sanctions committee for Mali, the Peace Agreement Follow-up Committee (CSA) has just appointed an independent observer. More than three years after the signing of the agreement.

The Carter Foundation, founded by former US President and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter, will now keep an eye on the implementation of the peace agreement in Mali.

According to article 63 of the document signed in 2015 by the Malian authorities and armed groups, the mission of this independent observer is “to assess objectively the state of implementation of the agreement”. “Every four months, it publishes a comprehensive report detailing the implementation of the commitments made …, identifying possible blockades, placing responsibilities and making recommendations”, details the same article.

Signed in 2015, it was not until May 2017 that the CSA adopted a concept note on this independent observer. Under the aegis of Pierre Buyoya, AU Special Representative, a working group had been set up to submit a shortlist of candidates.

Its appointment comes after the Security Council has passed a sanctions regime against perpetrators of violations of the terms of the agreement. But both measures come after countless clashes between signatory armed groups and frequent violations of the ceasefire on the ground in the north of the country.

Aboubacar Dicko